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  • kwanlchan

Random or Designed?

Updated: Jun 25

Friends, we have been discussing Evolution for the last nine posts! I am going to provide a brief conclusion here, and then we will move on to other topics.

We started from the discussion on how the first living organism came about. Despite the incredibly miniscule probability, evolutionists assert that random processes are able to create these mysterious ancestors of all living things. Yet it can hardly explain the humongous amount of well-organized genetic information stored in the cells. Can we randomly move around a huge pile of letters and turn them into a Shakespeare’s play?

Evolution claims that mutation and natural selection work together to create all diversities of life forms that we see today. However, this hypothesis cannot explain the features that exhibit irreducible complexity inside living organisms. The flagellum is an example to illustrate irreducible complexity. It is an extremely efficient microscopic engine that microorganisms use to swim.

For a quick recap, irreducibly complex features consist of multiple parts that not only need to be present at the same time, but they also have to be assembled precisely in order for the feature to function. These features pose a challenge to the mutation-natural selection hypothesis.

Suppose mutation somehow randomly creates a few required parts of the feature. However, these lucky parts do not make the feature available for the living organism, as the feature requires all parts present and be assembled precisely. Accordingly, natural selection will not allow these parts to stay in the population as it does not give the living organism any advantages of survival, as the feature is not there yet! Therefore, the gradual evolutionary process cannot produce an irreducibly complex feature. Objections from evolutionists were discussed in our last post.

How is genetic information created, organized, and placed inside the cells? Who creates the parts and assembles them accurately so that the irreducibly complex features function inside the organisms?

Based on scientific data alone, we can conclude that they are intelligently designed.

This leads to a bigger question: How do we detect “design” out of something that seems “random”? Do biological features show themselves to be designed, or out of randomness as evolutionists claim?

There exists reliable criterion for detecting design. Is the following string of “H” and “T”, representing the result of flipping a coin to get “Head” or “Tail”, designed or random?


It is designed. Why? Calling “T” to “0” and “H” to “1” turns the string into:

01000110110000010100111001011101110000000100100011 01000101011001111000100110101011110011011110111100

It is a string of binary numbers written in ascending order. The study of detecting design out of randomness is used in different fields including forensic science, intellectual property law, insurance claims investigations, and cryptography.

Applying the same criteria on irreducible complex structures of living organisms, we can conclude with good confidence that these biological structures are “designed”, not “random”.

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